Tuesday, April 21, 2020

Stalin And Mao Essays - Anti-Revisionists, Marxist Theorists

Stalin And Mao History has shown that strong individuals and revolutionary ideas can have a major impact on a country. Leaders are often driven by what they perceive as a desire to create a more perfect country. Frequently their egos and methods sway them from the realization of the ideals they set out to achieve. Every country has encountered a noteworthy leader at one point or another. Some countries realize this, and take advantage of the fact, while others let him or her pass slip away. A great leader has an impact on a country, an impact that lasts, one that can be looked upon as an example for future generations. Mao Zedong, of China, and Joseph Stalin, of the Soviet Union were great leaders of their time. Mao and Stalin had similar objectives, means, and influences on their country. Both Mao and Stalin had similar ideas at the base of their pyramid of goals. Both leaders believed that Communism was the best system for a their countries. Mao said "If you want to know the taste of a pear, you must change the pear by eating it yourself. . . . If you want to know the theory and methods of revolution, you must take part in revolution. All genuine knowledge originates in direct experience." Mao believed that some ideas may work better in one country, and not at all in another. By taking a bite out of the pear, you are changing the pear itself. By changing how you achieve your goals, you change the final product. Mao had many different plans to help China recover. One of the most widely know plans was the "Great Leap Forward." Mao encouraged people to work longer hours and even do work at home. This new plan called for the formation of large units called communes which incorporated agriculture and industry and were supposed to be self sufficient. This concept changed Mao's original "play" on Marxist Communism. Mao believed that reforms, such as the "Agrarian Reform"; Campaigns such as the "Hundred Flowers Campaign"; and plans such as the "First Five Year Plan" would help Communism rise in China. In 1966 Mao proclaimed a Cultural Revolution with two goals. The first was to strengthen his leadership position, and the second was to strengthen the Communist doctrine and restore the revolutionary spirit. He formed the Red Guards, a group of people dedicated strictly to Mao. Each Red Guard carried a copy of The Quotation of Mao Zedong, known as the little red book. Both Stalin and Mao had the objective to create a communist society for the good of the people These goals were corrupted by using total control, or a Totalitarian government as a means to achieve Communism. Stalin also created plans and campaigns to achieve Communism. Stalin was quoted saying "Comrades! We must abolish the cult of the individual decisively, once and for all." Stalin believed that a person's individuality should be abolished. Similar to the way Mao grouped workers together in communes during the "Great Leap Forward," Stalin also implemented many five year plans. He did this in a successful attempt to industrialize the Soviet Union. After the industrialization of the Soviet Union, Stalin went more towards a Totalitarianism system of government. Under the Totalitarianism government Stalin could carry out his objectives through repression, force and absolute rule. It has been proven time after time, that a person can not reach their goals unless they have the proper means. In many instances both leaders have been quoted saying that pure communism can not be reached without the aid of violence and that once pure communism is reached it is not hard to dominate other countries and defeat the enemy. As an example Chinese leader Mao was quoted saying "Communism is not love. Communism is a hammer which we use to crush the enemy." Mao is saying that in addition to Communism working for the commonwealth of society, Communism is working to defeat the enemy and therefore give more power to the country. Mao came to believe that defeating the enemy has a higher importance than the well being of the citizens. In China, after the KMT split with the CCP, many battles took place, some in which Mao led a small peasant army against the KMT. Similarly Stalin was quoted as saying "To choose one's victims, to prepare one's plan minutely, to slake an implacable vengeance, and then to go to bed . .. there is nothing sweeter in the world." Stalin is saying that one of the greatest

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